The figure was revealed by the Minister of education, Maria Fernanda Campo, during the Forum of reforms to higher education, which ended yesterday in Bogota. According to Ivan Enrique Ramos Calderon, rector of the University of Valle, the University dropout is a phenomenon that is affecting significantly higher education in general. In the country that desertion is beyond 40%, which means that of every 100 students who enter the University, less than 50% finish the race, which is a big problem, said Ramos. The Chancellor explained that in the majority of cases, the students only reach first half. Faculties where this phenomenon is more evident are those of science and engineering said the doctor in psychology and program coordinator University and cultures of the University of Valle, Maria Cristina Tenorio. During the second half of 2010, the attrition of students at public and private universities in the Valley was of the 13,31% in men and of 10.25% in women, according to reveals the Ministry of education.
The abandonment of the classrooms by University students is, according to Darwin Caraballo, Advisor on issues of higher education in Uruguay and international guest at the Forum, a complex system, but not the only problem. In Colombia the educational enrolment is very concentrated in big cities and the rest of the country has much difficulty to access this offer, he explained. He said that they should strengthen strategies linked to the support of students, expand educational opportunities, and generate greater access to credits, scholarships and resources enabling to finance the life of students. The point is that cannot be only the State responsible for finance it all. We have to consider the strategy of approaching the private sector; Remove to the universities of the cloisters and stimulate work in solving concrete problems and to also generate resources, pointed out. In contrast, Dr. Tenorio, stated that the causes desertion in higher education have their root in serious difficulties of basic education and media.
Do colleges require them much or perhaps schools were in general devoted only to coverage and amounts of students put in sheds?, questioned Tenorio. The expert complemented that desertion in army passes by a personal desire. But in the University is really academic failure. Young people do not possess sufficient theoretical references before admission to the University and not have learning strategies significant. Facing such panorama, the reform of higher education proposed by the Ministry of education is an opportunity to improve the educational level in Colombia. The Minister said that the aim of the reform is generating more offer of good quality, so that young people with limited resources in the country have access to university education. Resources will increase significantly to the Icetex, the goal is to have more $700,000 million to increase the educational credits. The draft sets a rate of interest equal to zero, explained Maria Fernanda Campo, head of the Ministry.